From 1574 to 1585 King Frederick II had the medieval fortress radically transformed into a magnificent Renaissance castle.
The main architects were the Flemings Hans Hendrik van Paesschen and Anthonis van Obbergen, whereas the sculptural work was coordinated by Gert van Groningen.
At the time, the Kingdom of Denmark extended across both sides of the Sound, and on the eastern shore the Helsingborg Castle had been in existence since the Middle Ages."the Hook"), built in the 1420s by the Danish king, Eric of Pomerania.The king insisted on the payment of sound dues by all ships wishing to enter or leave the Baltic Sea passing through the Sound; to help enforce his demands, he built a powerful fortress at the narrowest point in the Sound.The castle is situated on the extreme northeastern tip of the island of Zealand at the narrowest point of the Øresund, the sound between Denmark and Sweden.In this part, the sound is only 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) wide, hence the strategic importance of maintaining a coastal fortification at this location commanding one of the few outlets of the Baltic Sea.
Kronborg is a castle and stronghold in the town of Helsingør, Denmark.Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe and has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list (2000).The army left the castle in 1923, and after a thorough renovation it was opened to the public.The castle's story dates back to a fortress, Krogen (lit.The castle's story dates back to a stronghold, Krogen, built by King Eric VII in the 1420s.Along with the fortress Kärnan, Helsingborg on the opposite coast of Øresund, it controlled the entranceway to the Baltic Sea.